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LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum

Species listing:  
Clerodendrum [genus]  
Synonyms: Clerodendron [genus]
Adans., Volkameria [genus] L.

C. aculeatum  
Synonyms: Clerodendron aculeatum

C. anafense  

C. buchananii  
Synonyms: Clerodendron buchanani

C. bungei  

C. chinense  
Synonyms: Clerodendron fragrans
Willd., Clerodendrum fragrans Vent.,
Clerodendrum philippinum Schauer

C. colebrookianum  

C. cyrtophyllum  

C. discolor  

C. fistulosum  

C. floribundum  

C. glabrum  
Synonyms: Clerodendron glabrum E.

C. hildebrandtii  
Synonyms: Clerodendrum
hilderbrandtii .

C. indicum  
Synonyms: Clerodendron indicum

C. inerme  
Synonyms: Clerodendron inerme

C. infortunatum  
Synonyms: Clerodendron
infortunatum Walp.

C. japonicum  
Synonyms: Clerodendron squamatum

C. kaempferi  

C. laciniatum  

C. ligustrinum  
Synonyms: Clerodendron ligustrina
., Volkameria ligustrina Jacq.

C. lindleyi  

C. minahassae  
Synonyms: Clerodendron minahassae
Teijsm. & Binn.

C. paniculatum  
Synonyms: Clerodendron
paniculatum L.

C. phlomidis  
Synonyms: Clerodendron phlomoides

C. phyllomega  

C. rotundifolium  

C. speciosissimum  
Synonyms: Clerodendron
speciosissimum .

C. splendens  
Synonyms: Clerodendron splendens
G. Don

C. thomsoniae  
Synonyms: Clerodendron thomsoniae

C. tomentosum  

C. trichotomum  

C. villosum  
Synonyms: Clerodendron villosum

C. x speciosum  

C. [buchholzii]  
Synonyms: Clerodendron buchholzii

C. [calamitosum]  
Synonyms: Clerodendron
calamitosum L.

C. [capitatum]  
Synonyms: Clerodendron capitatum
Schum. & Thonn.

C. [deflexum]  
Synonyms: Clerodendron deflexum

C. [disparifolium]  
Synonyms: Clerodendron
disparifolium Blume

C. [formicarum]  
Synonyms: Clerodendron formicarum

C. [macrophyllum]  
Synonyms: Clerodendron
macrophyllum Blume

C. [polycephalum]  
Synonyms: Clerodendron
polycephalum Baker

C. [scandens]  
Synonyms: Clerodendron scandens

C. [umbratile]  
Synonyms: Clerodendron umbratile
King & Gamble

C. [verticillata]  
Synonyms: Volkameria verticillata

C. [volubile]  
Synonyms: Clerodendron volubile

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum


Clerodendrum [genus] L. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron [genus] Adans., Volkameria [genus] L.

Common names: Glory-Bower, Kashmir-Bouquet, Tubeflower (Hortus)

Tropics, mostly Old World; 450 spp. Deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing. Lvs. opp. or whorled, simple, toothed, lobed or entire. Fls. white, yellow, orange, red, blue or violet, in corymbs or cymes, the cymes sometimes in panicles, calyx 5-toothed or lobed, sometimes colored and showy, corolla funnelform or salverform, limb somewhat unequally 5-lobed, stamens 4, long-exserted, curved. Fruit a drupe, subtended or enclosed by persistent calyx. In Verbenaceae (Hortus Third 1976:285) Trop., subtrop.; 400 spp. The stamens project & form a landing place for insects; when they are ripe the style is bent down. Later the stamens roll up & are replaced by the style. In Verbenaceae (Willis 1973:261) Volkameria L. is Clerodendrum; Volkameria P. & K. and Volkameria Burm.f. are Capparis, Capparidaceae; Volkameria P.Br. is Clethra, Clethraceae. [I chose to put them here because all instances of Volkameria in GRIN are now in Clerodendrum or related Lamiaceae.] (Willis 1973:1216) E Hemisphere. Some medicinal, but name alludes to inconsistent reports of efficacy; from Greek: ‘chance tree’. Many cult. for ornament (Mabberley 1997:164) Clerodendron: These are, par excellence, plants of Malay magic, prob. starting with C. indicum which is still the chief magical sp. of N India. In Malaysia magical powers attributed not only to the spp. with pale fls. but to C. paniculatum which has red fls. The ‘first abode’ of Malay evil spirits was in the great ocean, pusat tasek: C. serratum is called tinjal tasek, etc. They lived on the sunken bank tebing runtoh: C. umbellata is called liruntoh. The pawang or magician uses plants whose name includes ‘pangil’ to summon the spirits: C. paniculatum is called pangil-pangil, C. kaempferi is sepanggil hutan, ‘forest summoner of spirits’. C. villosum is labu-labu, prob. ref. to a sorcerer's charm. Other names for members of the genus include names used in sorcery. In Verbenaceae (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 589) An amazing sp. found in the Moluccas, on the edge of a sago [Metroxylon, Palmae] swamp in sunny places. Flower spikes 15" long, 3.5" through; something like a delphinium [Delphinium, Ranunculaceae] but in various shades of deep Chinese pink (Fairchild 1943)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum aculeatum


Clerodendrum aculeatum (L.) Schlecht. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron aculeatum Schlecht.

W Indies. Vine-like shrub to 10 ft., armed with paired spines. Lvs. oblong to obovate to 2" long, entire. Cymes axillary, fls. white. Bloom summer, autumn (Hortus Third 1976:285) Corolla white, tube to 1.8 cm, lobes to 8 mm, filaments purple (Griffiths 1994:266) Mexico to the Guianas, W Indies. Shrub with smooth cylindrical branches that tend to climb; nodes bear short spiny old leaf-bases to 5 mm long. Lvs. opp. or whorled. Fls. white, tubular, to 2.5 cm long, oblong lobes 5 mm long, long-protruding stamens with purple filaments, clusters of 3-7 in leaf axils. Fruit black, round, 4-ribbed, cupped by the persistent calyx to 8 mm wide; 2 pairs of stones. Dry coastal regions. Intro. in Hawaii, W trop Africa. Puerto Rico, lvs. used in poultices. Barbados, crushed lvs. applied to eczema (Morton 1981:Vol. 2 page 737) Clerodendron a.: A much-branched shrub with small thorns, relatively small white or purple fls. Has been found v. useful for hedges in the W Indies; possibly of service in Malaya (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 590) In St. Vincent Is. Fishlock 1919: used in cases of gonorrhea. In Brit. W.Indies Kings 1938: leaves boiled for cough (von Reis and Lipp 1982:250). Valid species; synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum anafense


Clerodendrum anafense Britton & P. Wilson LAMIACEAE

Range not given. In Cuba Jack 1933: much eaten by birds (von Reis and Lipp 1982:250). Valid species (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum buchananii


Clerodendrum buchananii (Roxb.) Walp. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron buchanani Walp.

Common names: Mata ajam, Kembang, Bogang (Griffiths)

Java. Shrub to 2 m, erect. Lvs. to 30 cm, ovate, pubescent. Cymes in a panicle to 20 cm, corolla bright red, tube to 3 cm, lobes to 1.5 cm. Fruit violet (Griffiths 1994:266) Clerodendron buchanani.: In Java considered magical. In Amboina new-born children ceremonially washed in a leaf decoction to attract good spirits to the child (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 590) Valid species, synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum bungei


Clerodendrum bungei Steud. LAMIACEAE

Common names: Glory Flower (Griffiths)

China, N India, nat. in Mexico, S Am. Suckering erect shrub to 2 m. Lvs. to 23 cm, ovate, dark purple-green above, serrate, musk scent. Cymes in rounded terminal panicles to 15 cm, puberulent, fls. sweetly fragrant, corolla rose to purple, tube to 2.5 cm, limb to 1.4 cm diam. (Griffiths 1994:267) China. A hardy shrub, cult. for ornament (Mabberley 1997:164) Valid species (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum chinense


Clerodendrum chinense (Osb.) Mabb. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron fragrans Willd., Clerodendrum fragrans Vent., Clerodendrum philippinum Schauer

Common names: Glory Bower (Griffiths) Honolulu Rose, Lady Nugent’s Rose (Mabberley) Fragrant Clerodendron (Kuck)

C. philippinum: China, Japan, nat. in E US and throughout tropics. Subshrub to 8 ft. Lvs. long-petioled, broadly ovate to 10" long or more, truncate or cordate at base, coarsely toothed. Corymbs terminal, resembling the florist's hydrangea [Hydrangea, Hydrangeaceae]. Fls. pink or white, 1" across, fragrant, double; the single-fld. wild form is seldom seen (Hortus Third 1976:286) C. philippinum: Fls. in many-fld. terminal corymbs (Griffiths 1994:267) China to cent. Malaya. Extrafloral nectaries with ants building caves over them. In cult. fls. usually double. The wild plant is a serious weed in W Indies, Samoa (Mabberley 1997:164) Clerodendron f.: Flat tight clusters of small pinkish fls., each like a small rosebud, appear in spring. Each one is framed by a large 5-petaled rosy-purple calyx. At night the fls. have a distinct rather unpleasant scent (Kuck and Tongg 1958:102) Clerodendron f.: Brought into cult. in Eu. late 18th cent. A double-fld. race has already been selected in the East. In gardens in most parts of the tropics, run wild in India, Malaysia. Malays use it externally: a fomentation for rheumatism & ague. Also with other substs. for treating skin diseases. This may be the sp. used in ceremonies in Sumatra, called ‘sarang banuwa’, nest of a continent; the name must have orig. with a magician (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 591) C. fragrans: A common ornamental plant in Cent. Am. gardens, survives neglect, blooms through the dry months. Often nat., forms dense thickets in damp ground or near dwellings (Flora of Guatemala 1970:192) Valid species & Clerodendrum synonyms; Clerodendron not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum colebrookianum


Clerodendrum colebrookianum Walp. LAMIACEAE

SE Asia. Shrub to 8 ft. or more. Lvs. long-petioled, cordate-ovate to 20" long, entire. Fls. white to 1" long, in corymbs. Fruit blue, subtended by fleshy red calyx (Hortus Third 1976:285) Erect shrubs, common in cleared forest areas of Nagaland, NE India. Aos use decoction of roots, lvs., bark for malarial fevers (Rao and Jamir 1982:178) In India Kingdon Ward 1949: Invariably covered with small ants (von Reis and Lipp 1982:251). Folk use as an anthelmintic (Jain 2000:462) Valid species (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum cyrtophyllum


Clerodendrum cyrtophyllum Turcz. LAMIACEAE

China. Shrub. Lvs. ovate to 11” long, long-acuminate, glabrous. Cymes long-peduncled, fls. white (Hortus Third 1976:285) In Kwangtung, China, McClure 1921: The Fus (Kwangtung aborigenes) eat this plant as a vegetable (von Reis and Lipp 1982:251). Valid species (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum discolor


Clerodendrum discolor . LAMIACEAE

Range not given. In Tanganyika Tanner 1953: Roots used to treat stomach pains, pounded up, put in cold water, and drunk (von Reis and Lipp 1982:251). Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum fistulosum


Clerodendrum fistulosum Becc. LAMIACEAE

Borneo. Has hollow internodes inhabited by ants (Willis 1973:261) Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum floribundum


Clerodendrum floribundum R.Br. LAMIACEAE

Common names: Lolly Bush (Griffiths)

Australia, New Guinea. Tree or shrub to 6.5 m, erect, glabrous. Lvs. to 18 cm, ovate, acute. Infl. terminal or axillary, a corymb or panicle. Fls. fragrant, corolla white, tube to 3.5 cm, lobes to 7 mm, ovate. Fruit purple to black (Griffiths 1994:267) Fruit black, subtended by red calyx (Hortus Third 1976:285) Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum glabrum


Clerodendrum glabrum E.H.Mey. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron glabrum E. Mey.

S Africa. Shrub or small tree to 15 ft. Lvs. opp. or whorled, oblong to 5" long, entire, glossy above, glabrous or slightly hairy on veins beneath. Cymes dense, fls. white or pinkish, fragrant. Fruit white (Hortus Third 1976:285) Clerodendron g.: In S Africa leaf decoction as wound fly repellent (Secoy and Smith 1983:47) Tanganyika Tanner 1957: For reducing fever, leaves and twigs used as an infusion over which patient sits (von Reis and Lipp 1982:251). Valid species (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum hildebrandtii


Clerodendrum hildebrandtii . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendrum hilderbrandtii .

C. hilderbrandtii: E African coast. Large shrub or small tree, white tubular fls. Swahili formerly made pipe stems from the smooth green branches with pith removed. The most common use was to make a pulp of the lvs. to bait the smaller fish traps. Though they appear to be effective, no obvious reason for choosing these particular lvs. Roots either pounded or boiled, used in herbal remedies, but with no specific curative powers (Weiss 1979:50) In Tanganyika Tanner 1956: For heartburn, roots boiled and the water drunk. Tanner 1957: For pain in the stomach, root boiled and the water drunk (von Reis and Lipp 1982:251). Name & synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum indicum


Clerodendrum indicum (L.) O.Kuntze LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron indicum Kuntze

Common names: Tubeflower, Turk's Turban (Hortus)

Malaysia. Shrub or woody herb to 8 ft. Lvs. mostly whorled, lanceolate to 6" long, entire, glabrous. Cymes axillary or in panicles, fls. white, corolla tube to 4" long. Fruit red or purple, subtended by red-brown calyx. Nat. in S US (Hortus Third 1976:285) Cymes in a terminal panicle to 45 cm, few-fld. Fruit dark blue (Griffiths 1994:267) Slender shrub with erect 4-sided stems, evergreen lvs. Whitish fls. with a fountain of stamens, flame-colored calyx at the bottom. Blue fruits are seated on waxy red calyces. Forms patches in part shade (Morton 1971:121). Clerodendron i.: India, Indochina, N Malaya, Java. Tall herb, planted in gardens in Java. No uses in Malaya. In Java a subst. for Indian hemp [Cannabis, Cannabaceae] & takes its names. Smoked, but Boorsma 1918 tried the dried lvs. in a tobacco pipe with no effect. In Java also smoked for asthma. In India the pounded root is given with ginger for asthma, other pulmonary complaints. Juice for skin complaints. Necklaces made of bits of the stem as charms. In the East the connection of this family with magic may have begun with this sp. No one can look upon that curious upright flowering plant reaching a man's height, standing in the grass at the end of the rainy season, without realizing that there is something unusual about it. Now the chief magical sp. of N India (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 592) Valid species, synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum inerme


Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron inerme Benth.

India, China, Malaysia, Australia, Polynesia. Shrub erect or straggling, pubescent. Lvs. to 14 cm, oblong, entire, glandular. Cymes usually axillary, corolla pure white, tube to 3.5 cm, sometimes pale lilac, glabrous, lobes to 5 mm, stamens & style red. Fruit black (Griffiths 1994:267) Coasts, India to W Pacific. Widely intro. in the tropics as a sand-binder. In India for topiary. In Tonga used for cane-work (Mabberley 1997:164) Clerodendron i.: Bombay to the Pacific, coasts of Malaya. An untidy seashore shrub. Somewhat soft greenish-brown or black fruit. One of the names means ‘sorcerer's flowers’. Malays apparently do not use it. Celibes through the Philippines to Guam use it medicinally. Rumpf said in his time the sailors of Macassar always took fruits & roots to sea with them. Seeds considered more useful. When someone had an upset stomach from eating poisonous fish, crabs, etc, took a decoction of the pounded seeds. Also lvs. eaten with rice, said to incr. the appetite. Fruits sent from Celibes to Java as a medicine for dysentery. Lvs. & roots for poulticing. Root as a febrifuge & general alterative. Lvs. for poultices. Lvs., wood, roots bitter, used for fever (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 592) In S Africa, India, repellent for wound flies, bees, etc. (Secoy and Smith 1983:47) In the Mariana Is. Fosberg 1965: Boiled and water drunk for fevers. In Caroline Is. Fosberg 1965: Used as medicine and as fish poison (von Reis and Lipp 1982:251). Nicobarese of the Bay of Bengal pound lvs. with other lvs., tie on dislocated or fractured bones (Dagar 1989:220) Valid species, synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum infortunatum


Clerodendrum infortunatum L. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron infortunatum Walp.

Ceylon, Andaman Is. Shrub or small tree to 5 m, branches pubescent. Lvs. to 25 cm, ovate, acuminate, pubescent. Panicle terminal to 22 cm, pubescent, corolla white, tube to 3 cm, ferruginous-villous outside, limb to 5 cm diam. Fruit black (Griffiths 1994:267) Clerodendron i.: Anthelmintic (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 590) Official as an anthelmintic (Jain 2000:462) Valid species, but C. infortunatum auctt. C. viscosum Vent.; synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum japonicum


Clerodendrum japonicum (Thunb.) Sweet LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron squamatum Vahl

Range not given. Clerodendron s.: Himalayas & Japan to Sumatra, Celibes, S Malaya. Small shrub with handsome crimson fls. Since 1790 cult. in Eu. gardens, prob. came to the Peninsula in this way. Various medicinal uses. Lotions & a leaf infusion in vinegar for gonorrhea in Neth. Indies. Bracts chewed for passing blood (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 594) Valid species; synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum kaempferi


Clerodendrum kaempferi (Jacq.) Siebold LAMIACEAE

China, India. Shrub to 8 ft. Lvs. ovate to 1 ft. long or more, cordate at base, entire or toothed, scaly beneath. Fls. bright scarlet, to 1.5" long, in large narrow panicles. C. squamatum is a synonym [now in C. japonicum] (Hortus Third 1976:285) Lvs. to 22 cm, broadly ovate, acute, lustrous deep green above. Panicle terminal to 35 cm, many-fld., fls. fragrant, corolla tube to 15 mm, lobes to 5 mm. Fruit red or blue or blue-black. C. squamatum is a synonym (Griffiths 1994:267) Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum laciniatum


Clerodendrum laciniatum Balf. f. LAMIACEAE

Rodrigues Is. Marked heterophylly (Mabberley 1997:164) Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum ligustrinum


Clerodendrum ligustrinum (Jacq.) R.Br. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron ligustrina ., Volkameria ligustrina Jacq.

Common names: Izinté (Roys) Muste, Moste (Santamaría)

Mexico, Belize to Panama, 50-250 m. Scandent woody shrubs, large leaf scars. Lvs. elliptic to 10 cm long, acute, entire, densely punctate beneath. Infls. axillary, cymes lax, to 7 cm long, few-fld., bracts foliaceous, caducous, calyx to 9 mm, corolla white, tube to 1.2 cm long, lobes to 8 mm long, stamens long-exserted. Fruit 1 cm long, splitting into two 2-seeded halves at maturity. In Petén lvs. said to be used to flavor fish (Flora of Guatemala 1970:193) Tmps., Ver., Yuc., Tab., Pue., Oax. Shrub to 3 m high, petiole bases indurate & persistent. Cymes pedunculate, sometimes longer than lvs. Has been reported from Yuc. as C. aculeatum, but quite distinct (Standley 1924:1252) Pio Perez 1877, izinté is a plant with which the Indian women season posole, camote stew [Ipomoea, Convolvulaceae], etc. The Maya text prescribes the boiled lvs. as a wash for snake bites (Roys 1931) Clerodendron l.: V. abundant shrub in low lands of the eastern tierra caliente, on banks of marshy rivers. In Tab. lvs. are much used to wrap ‘mome’, a fish tamale, to which it gives an excellent flavor. Becerra gives an etymology from Maya [very strained!] (Santamaría 1978:Muste) In Tab. a fish tamale called ‘bostó’ is wrapped in momo [Piper, Piperaceae] or muste lvs., roasted in the coals (Santamaría 1978:Bostó) In Ver. they flavor shad and iguana with moste, and tortoise in burned moste. A popular saying: ‘Iguana in moste likes this person’, that is, ‘women like this person’ (Santamaría 1978:Moste) The terrapin was delicious, gelatinous and much more tender than sea turtle. It was cooked in a thin blackish sauce that had a musky flavor, and was colored by the burnt ground leaves of the moste bush that Don Victoriano had by his back door. He said it dated from Zapotec times (Kennedy 1972) Valid species & Volkameria l.; Clerodendron is not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum lindleyi


Clerodendrum lindleyi . LAMIACEAE

Common names: Yuen Tau Fung (von Reis)

Range not given. In Kwangtung, China,Tsang 1921: leaf used as a tea; fruit is edible. In Hainan McClure 9207 1922: The roots when dried well for about 5 hours are then taken internally for weak muscles of the legs (e) (von Reis and Lipp 1982:251). Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum minahassae


Clerodendrum minahassae Tejsm.& Binnend. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron minahassae Teijsm. & Binn.

Malaysia. Shrub or small tree. Lvs. elliptic, oblong to 8" long, entire, glabrous. Fls. in cymes, white, to 4" long. Fruit subtended by a fleshy red calyx (Hortus Third 1976:286) Clerodendron m.: Celibes. Ornamental plant. Not poisonous; young lvs. actually eaten as a vegetable (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 589) Valid species, synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum paniculatum


Clerodendrum paniculatum L. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron paniculatum L.

Common names: Pagoda Flower (Hortus) Pangil-pangil (Burkill) Glory Bower, Magic Flower, Secreto de amor (Hargreaves)

SE Asia. Shrub to 4 ft. Lvs. orbicular to ovate, 5-lobed, to 6" long, cordate. Cymes in terminal panicles, to 1 ft. long. Fls. scarlet, corolla tube to 0.5" long (Hortus Third 1976:286) Clerodendron p.: N.Burma & S China to Java & Ternate; throughout Malaya. Shrub, 3 ft. tall, fls. orange red to crimson. Used as bedding plants. Name pangil-pangil means ‘summoner of spirits’. Sakai girls wear pieces in their hair & plant them near their camps; hard to tell where they are wild. Apparently the chief summoner of spirits in N Cent. Sumatra; also so used in Malaya. May be one of the plants composing the leafy brush for sprinkling consecrated rice-gruel in the wedding ceremony, in the blessing of fish stakes, and in the taking of the rice-soul. Malays drink an infusion as a purgative. Also apply it externally on distended stomachs. Used as a medicine to make elephants brave; prob. to protect them from harm & make them confident (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 593) Sensational erect clusters of red fls. with long red stamens, throughout the summer (Morton 1971:120) The 4 small [?] stamens extend and seem to beckon, which acc. to Malaysians entices animals into a trap (Hargreaves and Hargreaves 1970:16) Valid species; synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum phlomidis


Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron phlomoides Willd.

S Asia. Shrub or small tree to 9 m. Lvs. to 7 cm, ovate. Cymes axillary & terminal, to 9 cm, pubescent, corolla white to yellow-white to red, tube to 2.5 cm. Fruit black (Griffiths 1994:267) Clerodendron p.: N India. Another magical sp. (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 589) Valid species, synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum phyllomega


Clerodendrum phyllomega Steud. LAMIACEAE

W Malaysia. Stems with hollow internodes and thin-walled layers pierced and penetrated by ants (Mabberley 1997:164) Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum rotundifolium


Clerodendrum rotundifolium . LAMIACEAE

Range not given. In Tanganyika Tanner 1953: Roots pounded, taken with water to treat diarrhea (von Reis and Lipp 1982:251). Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum speciosissimum


Clerodendrum speciosissimum Van Geert LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron speciosissimum .

Common names: Pagoda Flower (Hargreaves)

Java. Erect shrub to 12 ft., branching after flowering. Lvs. ovate to 1 ft. long, cordate, entire or toothed, densely pubescent. Cymes in panicles to 1.5 ft. long, fls. bright scarlet to 2" long (Hortus Third 1976:286) Corolla tube to 3.5 cm, lobes to 2.5 cm. Fruit dark blue (Griffiths 1994:267) Clerodendron s.: Lvs. thick & velvety with deep veins, large & heart-shaped. Fls. are a rich blend of fuchia-red tones, blooming in large rather loose upright heads. Fls. have 5 narrow lobes turned back against the tube; stamens & pistils curve beyond the flower in small red tufts. Star-shaped calyx may thicken and enclose the interesting small shiny berry-like fruit (Hargreaves and Hargreaves 1970:50) Valid species; synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum splendens


Clerodendrum splendens G. Don LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron splendens G. Don

Trop. Africa. Twining shrub. Lvs. oblong or elliptic to 6" long. Cymes many-fld., fls. bright scarlet or yellow, 1" across (Hortus Third 1976:286) Twining to 2 m long, glabrous. Cymes in a terminal panicle, corolla tube to 2 cm, lobes to 2 cm (Griffiths 1994:267) Clerodendron s.: In W Africa lvs. applied to bruises & sores, or a lotion is used. If a Yoruba widow dreams of her dead husband, a medicine is prepared of this plant, placed under her pillow to prevent his appearing. A v. decorative shrub, half-climbing (Dalziel 1948:454) Clerodendron s.: White calyx in sharp & striking contrast to its crimson petals. Can be used to make a short-lived hedge (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 589) Valid species; synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum thomsoniae


Clerodendrum thomsoniae Balf. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron thomsoniae Balf.

Common names: Bleeding Glory-Bower, Tropical Bleeding-Heart, Bleeding-Heart Vine, Glory Tree, Bag-Flower (Hortus) White Bleeding heart, Magic Flower (Hargreaves)

W Trop. Africa. Twining glabrous evergreen shrub. Lvs. ovate to 5" long, acuminate, entire. Fls. in cymes, calyx large, white, corolla crimson. Grown in greenhouses (Hortus Third 1976:286) Cymes terminal & axillary. Fruit dark red to black (Griffiths 1994:267) Clerodendron t.: S Nigeria. Cult. in Eu. (Dalziel 1948:455) A climbing twining shrub to 15 ft., evergreen lvs. Blooms in summer. Crimson fls. protrude from inflated calyces, at first white, later purplish. Partial shade (Morton 1971:121) Clerodendron t.: Small sprawling vine with red-and-white fls. in clusters in winter & spring. The crimson part is the flower, a slender tube spreading into 5 lobes with a group of five stamens protruding even father out. The heart or bag is the white calyx (Kuck and Tongg 1958:64) Clerodendron t.: Known since 1861. In W Africa said to have magical powers. The small white heart-shaped clustered fls. have a bright red corolla with four tiny stamens that extend & seem to beckon. Also gives the appearance of a bleeding heart. Legend: a heart-broken maiden whose sweetheart had left her; where she wept a bleeding-heart plant sprang up. Flower changes into an ornamental fruit, a shiny red star (Hargreaves and Hargreaves 1972:14) Valid species, synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum tomentosum


Clerodendrum tomentosum (Vent.) R. Br. LAMIACEAE

Common names: Lolly Bush (Griffiths)

Australia. Evergreen shrub or tree to 10 m, velvety-tomentose. Lvs. to 14 cm, elliptic, tomentose. Fls. in terminal corymbs, corolla white, tube to 2.5 cm, lobes to 7 mm, tomentose, anthers yellow. Fruit black (Griffiths 1994:267) Valid species (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum trichotomum


Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunb. LAMIACEAE

Japan. Calyx accrescent, red & fleshy, contrasting with blue fruit, and evidently attractive to dispersing birds (Mabberley 1997:164) Valid species (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum villosum


Clerodendrum villosum Blume LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron villosum Blume

Clerodendron v.: Assam to Java, Philippines. Stout rather coarse shrub. Jakuns eat the bark as a subst. for betel-nut [Areca, Palmae]. Mantera use the leaf to skim dart-poison. In S Perak sick animals are fumigated with it (Burkill 1966:594) Valid species, synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum x speciosum


Clerodendrum x speciosum Dombr. LAMIACEAE

Common names: Java Glory Bean, Pagoda Flower (Hortus)

C. splendens x C. thomsoniae. Corolla dull red, persistent, calyx pale red (Hortus Third 1976:286) Resembles C. thomsoniae except calyx pale red or pink, corolla deep rose shaded violet (Griffiths 1994:267) Valid taxon (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum [buchholzii]


Clerodendrum [buchholzii] . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron buchholzii Gürke

Range not given. Clerodendron b.: An ornamental climber, often cult. Cameroons Mt. area, lvs. crushed, warmed, rubbed on the body for rheumatism. Also with others a remedy for snake bite. An infusion with pepper taken for a cold on the chest (Dalziel 1948:454) Name & synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum [calamitosum]


Clerodendrum [calamitosum] . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron calamitosum L.

Clerodendron c.: Java, cult. in Malay gardens as a bedding plant. One of the plants used by Javanese tricksters who chew glass. The performer first chews the lvs. of this plant or of others which may be substituted, then chews the glass. To what extent chewing this plant induces salivation is not recorded. The performers attribute their ability to chew glass without injury to the gums or mouth to good teeth, coolness, and sufficient assurance. Javanese therefore argue that the leaf must be good for kidney stone, so used (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 590) Name & synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum [capitatum]


Clerodendrum [capitatum] . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron capitatum Schum. & Thonn.

Range not given. Clerodendron c.: Fragrant fls. with red stamens, calyx turning wine-red. In W Africa the hollow branches cleared of pith are used like those of other spp. for pipe stems. Also for tubes used in tapping palms, or like straws for drinking. An ornamental shrub (Dalziel 1948:454) In N. Rhodesia Angus 1961: Stems hollowed out by ants. The hollow stems sought by natives for sucking of beer (von Reis and Lipp 1982:251). Name & synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum [deflexum]


Clerodendrum [deflexum] . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron deflexum Wall.

Clerodendron d.: Malaya. Upright slightly woody plant, stems often ant-tenanted. Common in forests. Names indicate that it is used in magic. Root extract used by Malays for fever, bowel complaints (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 590) Name & synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum [disparifolium]


Clerodendrum [disparifolium] . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron disparifolium Blume

Clerodendron d.: W Malaysia. Small tree common in lowland forests. Lvs. used for constipation. Mixed with other lvs. in a tonic. Roots pounded, rubbed over the body for pains (e). Hollow tooth packed with the paste. Lvs. added to food for constipation; not really a vegetable. Timber too small to be of use. One of the woods used in Malacca for blackening the teeth. This is undoubtedly the seleguri whose lvs. enter into the besom for sprinkling consecrated rice gruel at weddings & rice ceremonies. Not used in ceremonies connected with a fish station (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 591) Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum [formicarum]


Clerodendrum [formicarum] . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron formicarum Gürke

Clerodendron f.: Gold Coast. Hollow twigs used for pipes. Slender branches of this sp. are hollow, said to be sometimes pierced & occupied by ants; other spp. also (Dalziel 1948:454) Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum [macrophyllum]


Clerodendrum [macrophyllum] . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron macrophyllum Blume

Clerodendron m.: Sumatra, Java. Said to be particularly poisonous (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 590) Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum [polycephalum]


Clerodendrum [polycephalum] . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron polycephalum Baker

Range not given. Clerodendron p.: In S Nigeria an infusion of lvs. applied to snake bites (Dalziel 1948:454) Name & synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum [scandens]


Clerodendrum [scandens] . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron scandens Beauv.

Clerodendron s.: African savanna. A rather ornamental climber. Juice squeezed out of the bitter lvs. & diluted, used for stomach ache (Dalziel 1948:454) Name & synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum [umbratile]


Clerodendrum [umbratile] . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron umbratile King & Gamble

Clerodendron u.: Sumatra, W Malaya. Small shrub. Malays use a decoction of the root for fever in childbirth. Boil the root, dry & powder it to make a powder for rubbing on the face in fever. Medicine for elephants. Possibly this sp.: astringent fruits used as flavoring with food (Burkill 1966:Vol. 1 page 594) Name & synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum [verticillata]


Clerodendrum [verticillata] . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Volkameria verticillata .

Common names: Huanium, Chaquis (Ruiz)

Range not given. Volkameria v.: About Concepción, Chile, we collected this plant. The fruits, because their shape, size, and color suggest chaquiras, or glass beads, are called chaquis. When this bush flowers it is completely covered with blossoms, and progressively becomes laden with fruits, charming the eye with its beauty (Ruiz 1998 (1777–1788):217). Name & synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Clerodendrum [volubile]


Clerodendrum [volubile] . LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Clerodendron volubile Beauv.

Range not given. Clerodendron v.: In S Nigeria an infusion of the lvs. used as a wash for children in hot weather. A rather ornamental climber with shining foliage having the odor of an Aralia. Prop. from seed or cuttings (Dalziel 1948:455) Name & synonym not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)


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