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Species listing:  
Leucas [genus]  

L. aspera  

L. cephalotes  

L. deflexa  

L. glabrata  

L. jamesii  

L. lavandulifolia  

L. martinicensis  
Synonyms: Leucas martinicensis
(Jacq.) Ait.f.

L. stricta  

L. zeylanica  



Leucas [genus] R.Br. LAMIACEAE

Trop. Am., W Indies, trop. & S Africa, Arabia, S China; 100 spp. In Labiatae (Willis 1973:663) Africa & Arabia to Indomalaysia; 150 spp. Some are local medicines. In Labiatae (Mabberley 1997:406) Africa, Asia; rare in Am. Herbs. Many are weeds. In Labiatae (Burkill 1966:Vol. 2 page 1359)

LAMIACEAE Leucas aspera


Leucas aspera Link LAMIACEAE

Range not given. In India as insecticide (Secoy and Smith 1983:54) Valid species (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Leucas cephalotes


Leucas cephalotes Spreng. LAMIACEAE

Range not given. Weed in W Bengal rice fields. Lvs. are eaten. Seeds used as an auxiliary in dye extraction from Rubia sikkimensis [Rubiaceae]. Also an oil for illuminating. Plant is pungent to the taste. Said to be anthelmintic, antiseptic, diaphoretic, insecticidal, laxative, stimulant. Fls. used for coughs, colds (Datta and Banerjee 1978:309) In India as an insecticide (Secoy and Smith 1983:54). Valid species (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Leucas deflexa


Leucas deflexa Hook.f. LAMIACEAE

Range not given. Aromatic herb to 8 ft. Used in native medicine in Gold Coast (Dalziel 1948:461) Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Leucas glabrata


Leucas glabrata . LAMIACEAE

Range not given. In NW Kenya, Turkana apply dried & powdered lvs. to burns. Eaten by cattle, goats, sheep, camels, donkeys (Morgan 1981) Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Leucas jamesii


Leucas jamesii . LAMIACEAE

Range not given. In NW Kenya, eaten by cattle, goats, sheep, camels, donkeys (Morgan 1981) Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Leucas lavandulifolia


Leucas lavandulifolia Smith LAMIACEAE

India to the Philippines. A weed, now also in trop. Africa, too wet for it in most of Malaya. Strong flavor. Eaten by cattle only when other food is scarce. Said to be used sometimes to season food in the Dutch Indies. Fried tips are a flavoring in Assam. Decoction of lvs. a vermifuge in Malaya. In Java the abdomen is poulticed for the same purpose. A vermifuge in India, also for snakebite. Decoction or poultice good for old sores. Suggested for leprosy in Malaya, skin complaints in Philippines. Juice in the eyes or snuffed up the nose to remove mucus (Burkill 1966:Vol. 2 page 1360) Valid species (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Leucas martinicensis


Leucas martinicensis R.Br. LAMIACEAE

Synonyms: Leucas martinicensis (Jacq.) Ait.f.

Common names: Wild Tea-Bush (Dalziel)

Range not given. Plant has a mint-like odor, burned to expel mosquitoes. An infusion for simple gastro-intestinal troubles. Also as a wash or steam for fevers, as with Ocimum [Lamiaceae]. Taken hot for colds. As a charm for luck or riches: rub seeds with butter in the palms of the hands, say ‘ariki yaka’, or ‘good fortune come’. Hausa name ‘thief’s head’ ref. to the prickly heads, like Leonotis [Lamiaceae] (Dalziel 1948:461) In Tanganyika R. E. S. Tanner 1952: Sukuma use leaves as poultice in cuts (von Reis and Lipp 1982:258) Valid species (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Leucas stricta


Leucas stricta . LAMIACEAE

Range not given. Bhils in W India eat the lvs. as a vegetable (Bedi 1978:283) Name not in GRIN (GRIN 2007)

LAMIACEAE Leucas zeylanica


Leucas zeylanica R.Br. LAMIACEAE

SE Asia, Malaysia. Weedy herb of waste ground. Used in Bali as flavoring. Singhalese put the leaf into curries. Like the other spp. has a considerable reputation for curing wounds, sores, etc. Lvs. pounded, used as a poultice. Same poultice for the itch, headaches, vertigo. Chinese & Malays both use it. Applied to the abdomen of children as a vermifuge, may be mixed with an emollient mucilaginous plant, as Pouzolzia [Urticaceae]. Rubbed on the abdomen for colic & after childbirth. With other medicines sniffed into the nostrils for ulceration. Lvs. said to be medicinal in Ceylon, uses not recorded (Burkill 1966:Vol. 2 page 1360) Valid species (GRIN 2007)


Bedi, S. J. 1978. Ethnobotany of the Ratan Mahal Hills, Gujarat, India. Economic Botany 32(3):278-284.

Burkill, I. 1966. A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula., 2nd ed. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-Operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Dalziel, J. 1948. The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Crown Agents, London U.K.

Datta, S. and A. Banerjee. 1978. Useful Weeds of West Bengal Rice Fields. Economic Botany 32(4):297-310.

GRIN. 2007. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, Germplasm Resources Information Network. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/paper.pl (26 February 2007).

Mabberley, D. 1997. The Plant-Book., 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Gt. Britain.

Morgan, W. T. W. 1981. Ethnobotany of the Turkana: Use of Plants by a Pastoral People and Their Livestock in Kenya. Economic Botany 35:96-180.

Secoy, D. M. and A. E. Smith. 1983. Use of Plants in Control of Agricultural and Domestic Pests. Economic Botany 37(1):28-57.

von Reis, S. and F. J. Lipp, Jr. 1982. New Plant Sources for Drugs and Foods from the New York Botanical Garden Herbarium. Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA.

Willis, J. 1973. A Dictionary of the Flowering Plants and Ferns., 8th ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.